social and economical impacts of coal mining in south africa
social and economical impacts of coal mining in south africa
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social and economical impacts of coal mining in south africa

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Economic Impact of Coal Mining in South Africa

Economic Impact of Coal Mining in South Africa. South Africa is one of the seven largest coal-producing and one of the top five coal-exporting countries in the world. More than a quarter of coal mined in South Africa is exported, most of which leaves the country via Richards Bay. Coal is South Africa’s third largest source of foreign exchange;

Social and Economic Benefits of Coal Mining

Social and Economic Benefits of Coal Mining. Often ignored are the social and economic benefits of coal mining. These benefits go far beyond the energy it provides and the products like steel and cement that are made from coal. Coal mining supports local communities and provides a big boost to regional and national economies.

The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

This case study focuses on the costs of the environmental and social effects of coal mining in South Africa, undertaken for export to the Netherlands. Coal mining imposes many external costs on its surroundings and the people who live in it. Some of these can be quantified by estimates, others are difficult to estimate. Coal mining is

EXAMINING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF MINING ON THE ...

The Amajuba District is among one of the major coal mining regions in South Africa, where the mining activities are limited mainly to coal and quarry. Altogether 11 mining rights had been issued in the district as at 2013, with six operational and five pending. The Dannhauser

social and economical impacts of coal mining in south ...

Appendix 2: Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining. Blue Mountains National Park Australia Coal mining 2000 social impacts of mining and oil Oilfants Catchments in South Africa,” Contract Report to Mining, »More detailed

THE IMPACT OF MINING ON THE SOUTH AFRICAN

Writing in A History of South Africa: Social and Economic in 1941, CW de Kiewiet pointed out that gold mining in South Africa was very expensive because of the small amount of gold in vast tonnages of rock: "The concept of an industry that was colossally wealthy only on condition that it jealously watched each penny of its expenditure is invaluable for any understanding of the history of South African gold mining."

The Role of Mining in the South African Economy

Conventional wisdom views the mining sector ofthe South African economy as its quintessence. As contributor to aggregate output, as foreign exchange earner for the economy, as employer, and as a generator of tax revenues mining has often been viewed as the locomotive of South Africa’s economic

COAL MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENT

impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are relatively shallow. Coal washing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may ignite spontaneously and cause air pollution. Water pollution arises from some abandoned mines and waste dumps. However, the biggest impact arises from the combustion of coal domestically. Inefficient

Appendix 2: Environmental and Social Impacts of Mining

Environmental and social impacts of mining have been well-documented and an ample ... Project, by CSIR-Environmentek, Pretoria, South Africa and Geology Department, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe. Report No. ENV-P-C 2001-042. ... such as bighorn sheep that use coal mine walls as shelter (MacCallum, 1989).

(PDF) South African Coal Mining Industry: Socio

The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are relatively shallow. Coal washing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may ...

EXAMINING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF MINING ON

social and economic development as per the requirements of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act (MPRDA), Act No. 28 of 2002: To evaluate if the mining communities are benefiting socio-economically from the current mining operations. To understand the extent to which the mining companies seek to address the social rather than the economic question. Are the mines focusing

The end of coal? Planning a 'just transition' in South Africa

economic effects that the inevitable shift away from coal implies. The local social and economic effects are nevertheless likely to be significant, particularly in coal mining regions. The impacts of closures will be highly concentrated; the majority of Eskom’s coal plants —

The impact of coal mining on the environment and

Coal is South Africa's major primary energy source, and plays a significant role in supplying the chemicals and steelmaking industries. The benefits of coal production are relevant in the light of South Africa's development priorities of job creation and economic growth. Even so, primary metal production and coal-based power generation industries, ...

Coal transitions in South Africa. Understanding the ...

4 COAL TRANSITION IN SOUTH AFRICA 1Executive summary South Africa is highly coal and energy intensive, and has an economy characterized by extremely high levels of in - equality and poverty (with more than half of the popula - tion living in poverty. In the long run, sustainable growth and development in South Africa will depend crucially on

Coal mining threatens people’s access to water in ...

COAL MINING When appropriately applied, national . and international laws should be able to prevent the harmful social and environmental impacts of mining on local communities, and women specifically. However, in reality, the economic interests of both the South African government and the mining companies often trump the interests of

South Africa: How Mining Damages Communities and

27-08-2018  The mining company, Tendele Coal, has said on several occasions that while it compensates for houses and other belongings, it is prevented from paying the

Social impact assessment in the mining sector: Review

01-08-2018  Social LCA (SLCA) assesses social and socio-economic impacts along the life cycle (including raw materials extraction, processing, manufacture, use, end of life) using generic and site specific data. In SLCA, life cycle stages are associated with geographic locations and impacts refer to stakeholder categories (usually workers, local community, society, consumers and value chain actors).

Social impacts - Diamond mining in South africa

One social impact of diamond mining in South Africa is poor safety. The mineral revolution has changed social impacts and interactions, as before the diamonds South Africa had no major source of mineral income or trade. People who work in the mines have poor health and safety systems and there are some deaths caused by this.

THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF MIGRATION IN SOUTH AFRICA

into South Africa due to its social, economic and political climate (McDonald 2000: 826). The political and economic turmoil in Zimbabwe led to a high migration rate of Zimbabweans into South Africa, the majority of whom are said to be undocumented (FMSP 2007:

EXAMINING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF MINING ON

social and economic development as per the requirements of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act (MPRDA), Act No. 28 of 2002: To evaluate if the mining communities are benefiting socio-economically from the current mining operations. To understand the extent to which the mining companies seek to address the social rather than the economic question. Are the mines focusing

The Socio Economic Aspects of Mine Closure and Sustainable ...

Closure processes are multi‐contextual; while South African coal‐mining has a number of indigenous historical, cultural and social factors distinguishing it from mining in other parts of the world, certain generic approaches have application. There is simultaneously a paucity of research into the

Examining the socio-economic impacts of mining on the ...

Examining the socio-economic impacts of mining on the livelihoods of Amajuba District mining communities. View/ Open. ... The Amajuba District is among one of the major coal mining regions in South Africa, where the mining activities are limited mainly to coal and quarry. Altogether 11 mining rights had been issued in the district as at 2013, ...

The impact of coal mining on the environment and

Coal is South Africa's major primary energy source, and plays a significant role in supplying the chemicals and steelmaking industries. The benefits of coal production are relevant in the light of South Africa's development priorities of job creation and economic growth. Even so, primary metal production and coal-based power generation industries, ...

THE IMPACT OF MINING ON THE SOUTH AFRICAN

All of these figures and considerations nevertheless understate the importance of mining to the South African economy. In 2016, for example, according to the Chamber, mining contributed R291 billion to GDP directly, but spent R245 billion on purchases of goods

The importance of coal Statistics South Africa

With an estimated 116 years of proven coal reserves remaining 4, the mineral is set to remain a valuable resource for South Africa’s economy for as long as demand remains. Coal as a source of employment. The coal mining industry is an important employer. The mining industry as a whole employed a total of 535 457 individuals at the end of June 2012. The coal mining industry was the third largest employer, employing 91 605 individuals (17% of the total mining

Coal mining threatens people’s access to water in ...

COAL MINING When appropriately applied, national . and international laws should be able to prevent the harmful social and environmental impacts of mining on local communities, and women specifically. However, in reality, the economic interests of both the South African government and the mining companies often trump the interests of

The impact of acid mine drainage in South Africa

Coal mining South African coal occurs in layers within sedimentary rocks of the Karoo Supergroup. These are widespread, but coal is restricted to the areas shown in Figure 2. The coal is extracted either by underground mining or by opencast methods. Unlike gold mining, the coal is removed from the site and there is very little surface dumping.

THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF ...

THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF DIAMOND MINING IN CHIADZWA Research material compiled by CRD G.R Chimonyo Senior Lecturer Africa University Solomon Mungure Institute of Peace and Governance (IPLG) Africa University Dr. Paul D. Scott ... detail the far-ranging impact of mining operations.

Social impacts - Diamond mining in South africa

This social impact in very serious and is not sustainable at all for the future. A negative impact of diamond mining in South Africa would be the change that happens in communities. The sudden influx of money into a South African community has shown to create social